Three types: Owner's, Jockey's and Bloodstock. An Owner's agent would be his racing manager, dealing with business regarding the trainers and administrative duties. The Jockey's agent represents his client in procurement of mounts. Bloodstock agents buy and sell horses either privately or at auction sales.

The straight-away on the far side of the track.

Blood Horse
Refers to a Thoroughbred Race Horse used for breeding purposes.

The person who owns the Mare (mother) at the time a horse is foaled.

A workout in which the horse is asked to run at full stride for a specific distance as part of fitness training.

Bug Boy
An apprentice jockey, so named for the asterisk, or "bug," that follows the jockey's name in the racing guide to indicate his weight allowance.

Claim Slip
Slip that is filled out in order to place an official claim on a horse.

Claiming Race
Race in which horses are entered subject to being claimed or purchased for a price specified before the start of the race.

Filly: Female horse four years old or younger.

Clerk of Scales
Official whose main duty is to oversee the Jockey's Room, verifying their weight before (weighing "out") and after races (weighing "in").

Person who records workout times either independently (private clocker) or for publication in the Racing Form.

Abdominal distress caused by gas in the horse's intestinal tract.

An ungelded male horse four years or under.

Whip used by jockeys.

Condition Book
A book published by the Racing Secretary, usually every ten days to two weeks, offering different categories of races in which the trainers may enter their horses. 

Dead Heat
Two or more horses finishing at the exact time, with no winner distinguishable in a photo finish.

Drifting Out
When a horse fails to follow a straight path and heads toward the outside of the track.

Exercise Rider
A person who rides horses in workouts and gallops, may be larger than a jockey.

Female horse four years old or younger.

Flak Jacket
Required protective jacket worn by jockeys during a race.

Newborn male or female horse.

Hot Walk: Walking a horse after a workout or race to cool them down. Person who does this is known as a Hot Walker.

One-eighth of a mile.

Person responsible for virtually all of the care of an individual horse in the stable. Usually one groom takes care of three horses.

Assignment of weights by the Racing Secretary to entrants based on their race records in an effort to level the playing field; also, a bettor's assessment based on past performance of horses in order to make selections.

Hot Walk
Walking a horse after a workout or race to cool them down. Person who does this is known as a Hot Walker.

In the Money
A horse that earns purse money in a race, usually the first four or five finishers. For bettors, called "hitting the board," it refers to the horses that finish in the first three positions, win (first), place (second) or show (third), and in the case of some exotic bets, fourth or fifth.

A horse that has never won a race. Maiden Special Weight races are "allowance" type races and are for horses which may not be claimed. In Maiden Claiming races the horses may be claimed.

Spanish slang for Milk of Magnesia; medicine given to horses to ease colic or other gastrointestinal distress.

The horse that a jockey rides in a particular race.

Also known as the Horseman's Bookkeeper, distributes earnings and administrates any functions regarding monies.

Pick Six
A wager where a bettor picks winning horses in a series of six consecutive races. Bet must be placed before the start of the first race in the series. Variations are Pick Three, Four or Five, all of which are extensions of race track standard, the Daily Double, which originally required picking the first two winners of the day.

Track markers that indicate distance on the track. Measured in Half, Quarter and Sixteenth of a mile increments.

Post Position
Pre-assigned position from which a horse will leave the starting gate, determined in a random draw by the Racing Office staff when the horses are entered.

Railbird: A horseracing enthusiast; term is derived from habit of someone who watches the races from the outer rail of the track.

Money competed for in a race. Distributed to owners of horses who finish in the top four or five, usually 60% for first, 20% for second, 10% for third and in some jurisdictions may pay back to fourth, fifth and sometimes last.

Racing Secretary
Official who drafts the conditions of races and is responsible for handling of entries and all other matters concerning the racing program. Also assigns weights for handicapped events and oversees selection of races to be run.

A horseracing enthusiast; term is derived from habit of someone who watches the races from the outer rail of the track.

A horse that is withdrawn before the start of the race.

Occurs when one or more people put in a claim for the same horse; winner of the shake (random drawing of names) becomes the horse's owner.

Shed Row
The interior walkway in a horse barn.

Also referred to as "colors," uniquely patterned jacket/shirt worn by the jockey and unique to the owner.

The official responsible for overseeing the starting gate and the beginning of each race. The Head Starter presses the button that releases the starting gates. Assistant Starters handle the horses as they load into the gate.

Silks: Also referred to as "colors," uniquely patterned jacket/shirt worn by the jockey and unique to the owner.

In betting, a group of people who pool their money in order to make larger, more comprehensive bets; in racing, a group owning an individual horse, sharing expense and income; in breeding, group ownership of a stallion or other bloodstock.

Track Condition
Conditions on the track can affect a horse's performance. These can be designated as: Fast, Good, Slow, Muddy, Sloppy or for Turf races, Firm, Yielding, Soft, etc.

Person who oversees the care and conditioning of horses in preparation for races. Second in command is an Assistant Trainer.

Or "the vig"; a percentage of a bet, the amount charged for placing a bet with a bookmaker (bookie), usually 10%.


Straight bets:

The bettor collects if horse finishes first only.

The bettor collects if horse finishes first or second.

The bettor collects if horse finishes first, second or third.

"Exotic" bets (also referred to as "Gimmick" bets):

Daily Double
Two consecutive winners picked on same ticket.

Pick Three, Four Five or Six
Consecutive winners selected on same ticket.

A bet in which you must select the first two horses, regardless of the order in which they finish the race.

Horses must finish first and second in order. A "box" bet takes them in either order i.e., a 5-2 exacta played straight is one bet, requires they finish in that order, a "box" is a second bet, reversing the order to 2-5 so the ticket is good if they finish either way.

Horses must finish first, second and third in exact order. Superfecta and Pentafecta are further variations in which the horses finish first through fourth or fifth.

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