Born Loretta Mary Aiken in Brevard, NC on March 19, 1894, Jackie “Moms” Mabley was one of the most successful entertainers to perform on the black vaudeville stage, also known as the “chitlin’ circuit.” Mabley’s monologues touched on traditional topics such as family, as well as more controversial subjects that were typically avoided by comedians of the era, regardless of race, including infidelity, poverty, welfare and alcohol.
Mabley’s successful career spanned five decades (though white audiences generally did not learn of her until the early 1960s). In 1939, she became the first female comedian to play the Apollo Theater in Harlem, where she earned $10,000 a week at the peak of her career. Mabley performed at Carnegie Hall in 1962, and appeared on such mainstream TV programs as "The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour" (1967), “The Ed Sullivan Show” (1969) and “The Bill Cosby Show” (1970).
Jackie “Moms” Mabley passed away from heart failure at age 81 on May 23, 1975 in White Plains, NY. She was survived by her children, Bonnie, Christine, Charles and Yvonne Ailey.
HBO Documentary Films and Whoopi Goldberg present A WHOOP INC Production; a film by Whoopi Goldberg; produced by Whoopi Goldberg and Tom Leonardis; directed by Whoopi Goldberg; supervising editor and creative producer, Geeta Gandbhir; editor and associate producer, Maya Mumma; archival producer, Prudence Arndt; consulting producer, Ellen Sebastian Chang; executive producers, Whoopi Goldberg, Tom Leonardis and George Schlatter.